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JINS Special Issue: Physical Activity and Brain Plasticity

Co-organizers: Kirk I. Erickson, J. Carson Smith, and Stephen M. Rao



  To identify the populations, brain regions, and behaviors associated with beneficial effects of physical activity (PA). To describe the specificity of associations and the potential mechanisms by which physical activity influences behavior. To describe the similarities and differences between the effects of PA on brain plasticity in clinical compared to healthy populations. To identify the effects of acute single sessions of exercise on measures of brain function and cognition. To describe the influence of longer-term participation in, or differing amounts of habitual PA, on measures of brain function and cognition.  


Introduction to the JINS Special Issue: Physical Activity and Brain Plasticity J.C. Smith, K.I. Erickson, and S.M. Rao Long-Term Effects of Resistance Exercise Training on Cognition and Brain Volume in Older Women: Results from a Randomized Controlled Trial J.R. Best, B.K. Chiu, C.L. Hsu, L.S. Nagamatsu, and T. Liu-Ambrose Improved Cardiorespiratory Fitness Is Associated with Increased Cortical Thickness in Mild Cognitive Impairment K. Reiter, K.A. Nielson, T.J. Smith, L.R. Weiss, A.J. Alfi ni, and J.C. Smith Aerobic and Cognitive Exercise (ACE) Pilot Study for Older Adults: Executive Function Improves with Cognitive Challenge While Exergaming N. Barcelos, N. Shah, K. Cohen, M.J. Hogan, E. Mulkerrin, P.J. Arciero, B.D. Cohen, A.F. Kramer, and C. Anderson-Hanley Physical Activity Is Positively Associated with Episodic Memory in Aging S.M. Hayes, M.L. Alosco, J.P. Hayes, M. Cadden, K.M. Peterson, K. Allsup, D.E. Forman, R.A. Sperling, and M. Verfaellie Acute Exercise Improves Prefrontal Cortex but not Hippocampal Function in Healthy Adults J.C. Basso, A. Shang, M. Elman, R. Karmouta, and W.A. Suzuki Age Moderates the Association of Aerobic Exercise with Initial Learning of an Online Task Requiring Cognitive Control P.J. O’Connor, P.D. Tomporowski, and R.K. Dishman Association between Lifetime Physical Activity and Cognitive Functioning in Middle-Aged and Older Community Dwelling Adults: Results from the Brain in Motion Study S.J. Gill, C.M. Friedenreich, T.T. Sajobi, R.S. Longman, L.L. Drogos, M.H. Davenport, A.V. Tyndall, G.A. Eskes, D.B. Hogan, M.D. Hill, J.S. Parboosingh, B.J. Wilson, and M.J. Poulin Influence of Physical Activity on Human Sensory Long-Term Potentiation N. Smallwood, M.J. Spriggs, C.S. Thompson, C.C. Wu, J.P. Hamm, D. Moreau, and I.J. Kirk Cardiorespiratory Fitness Attenuates the Influence of Amyloid on Cognition S.A. Schultz, E.A. Boots, R.P. Almeida, J.M. Oh, J. Einerson, C.E. Korcarz, D.F. Edwards, R.L. Koscik, M.N. Dowling, C.L. Gallagher, B.B. Bendlin, B.T. Christian, H. Zetterberg, K. Blennow, C.M. Carlsson, S. Asthana, B.P. Hermann, M.A. Sager, S.C. Johnson, J.H. Stein, and O.C. Okonkwo Daily Physical Activity Is Associated with Subcortical Brain Volume and Cognition in Heart Failure M.L. Alosco, A.M. Brickman, M.B. Spitznagel, L.H. Sweet, R. Josephson, E.Y. Griffi th, A. Narkhede, J. Hughes, and J. Gunstad Physical Activity as Protective Factor against Dementia: A Prospective Population-Based Study (NEDICES) S. Llamas-Velasco, I. Contador, A. Villarejo-Galende, D. Lora-Pablos, and F. Bermejo-Pareja Prefrontal and Hippocampal Brain Volume Defi cits: Role of Low Physical Activity on Brain Plasticity in First-Episode Schizophrenia Patients S.C. McEwen, A. Hardy, B.M. Ellingson, B. Jarrahi, N. Sandhu, K.L. Subotnik, J. Ventura, and K.H. Nuechterlein Physical Activity Affects Brain Integrity in HIV + Individuals M. Ortega, L.M. Baker, F. Vaida, R. Paul, B. Basco, and B.M. Ances